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Last update May 31, 2019

参考資料 (1)

ジュニア向け英語資料

http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/history.html

英語の歴史

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE By DAVID CRYSTAL

ヨーロッパの歴史

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_prehistoric_Britain
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neolithic_Revolution
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kents_Cavern
 https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-12244964
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Storegga_Slide
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roundhouse_(dwelling)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus_garhi
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_heidelbergensis
 https://www.britannica.com/topic/Homo-erectus
 http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Evol/habiliserectus.html
 http://www.lllf.uam.es/%7Eclase/acceso_local/LgCapabili.pdf
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-Europeans
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italic_peoples#/media/File:Indo-European_Migrations._Source_David_Anthony_(2007),_The_Horse,_The_Wheel_and_Language.jpg
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_migration
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Europe
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Britain
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_language
 https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/british_prehistory/overview_british_prehistory_01.shtml
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_settlement_of_the_British_Isles
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/England
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stephen_Oppenheimer
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_age
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Last_glacial_maximum
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stone_Age
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_Age_Europe
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze_Age_Britain
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age_Britain
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Iron_Age
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beaker_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornwall#Prehistory,_Roman_and_post-Roman_periods
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenicia
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romano-British_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Romance
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End_of_Roman_rule_in_Britain
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_Britons
 https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/overview_roman_01.shtml
The Romanization of Roman Britain by F. Haverfield (http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/14173)
 https://www.imperialteutonicorder.com/id43.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saxons
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duchy_of_Saxony
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angles
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jutes
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Britons_(historic)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danes_(Germanic_tribe)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vikings
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heptarchy
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_the_Great
 https://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/snapshot_cnut.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_the_Confessor
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_I_of_England
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_of_England
 https://www.castlewales.com/edward.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_I_of_England

ゲルマン語とゲルマン人

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_tribes
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_peoples
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ancient_Germanic_peoples_and_tribes
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arminius
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ゲルマン人
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuisto
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/西ゴート族
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visigoths
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ゴットランド
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Migration_Period
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ゲルマニア
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/アラン人
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/スラヴ人
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scythians
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulgars
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordic_Bronze_Age
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/オーディン
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huns
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/エルニーニョ・南方振動
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_languages
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/古高ドイツ語
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_German_consonant_shift
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/第二次子音推移
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/グリムの法則
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Germanic_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Germanic_grammar
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dual_(grammatical_number)#In_Indo-European_languages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Germanic_languages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_languages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Germanic_umlaut

ケルト語とケルト人

 https://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/general/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/history/sites/themes/society/language_celticbritons.shtml
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/society/celtic-languages-pronunciation-grammar.html
 https://homes.chass.utoronto.ca/~cpercy/courses/6361Lovis.htm
 https://www.etymonline.com/index.php
 https://www.eupedia.com/europe/celtic_trivia.shtml
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tumulus_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_languages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gaulish_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/La_Tène_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galatian_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepontic_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noric_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtiberian_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tartessian_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lusitanian_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brythonic_languagese
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goidelic
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pictish_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_language_(Celtic)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breton_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornish_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Welsh_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cumbric_language
 https://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/wales/posts/the_celts
 https://www.watson.org/~leigh/celts.html
 https://www.ivargault.com/kelterne/celts.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celts
 https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celta
 https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celti
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_the_Celts
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_infantry_tactics#Early_Gallic_victories
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parisi_(Yorkshire)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Deorham
 https://faculty.history.wisc.edu/sommerville/123/123%203%20prehist.htm
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ancient_Celtic_peoples_and_tribes
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/ガリアの部族一覧
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_Britons

ラテン語とラテン人

『はじめてのラテン語』大西英文著、講談社現代新書
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin
 https://www.learnlatinlanguage.com/HISTORY.HTM
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_influence_in_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latini
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicani
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sicels
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samnite_Wars#Second_Samnite_War
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/イタリック人
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feriae_Latinae
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Villanovan_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latial_culture
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_and_Remus
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Kingdom
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_War
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_League
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_War_(91–88_BC)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ficulea_(ancient_Latin_town)
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin_spelling_and_pronunciation
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Empire#History

アルファベット

http://torahinmyheart.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/docs/00_Origins_of_the_Aleph-Bet.30144026.pdf
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuneiform
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alphabet
 https://www.ancient.eu.com/alphabet/
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing
 https://archive.archaeology.org/9903/newsbriefs/egypt.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abjad
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Italic_alphabets
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenician_alphabet
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Sinaitic_script
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acrophony
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_B
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Dark_Ages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semitic_languages
 https://kotobank.jp/word/シナイ半島-74529
 https://linguisticator.com/the-arabic-alphabet-what-is-an-abjad/

古英語期

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Norse_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Wycliffe
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_in_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_English_grammar
 https://www.oldenglishtranslator.co.uk/
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_English_Latin_alphabet
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Changes_to_Old_English_vocabulary
 https://www.csun.edu/~sk36711/WWW/KAG/ch3.html
 https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Old_English/Fōresprǣc
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brittonicisms_in_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Do-support
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_s
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA/Old_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Close-mid_front_rounded_vowel

中英語期

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_English
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-Norman_language
 https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Chancery_Standard
 http://www.nativlang.com/middle-english/middle-english-grammar.php
 https://subjunctivesite.wordpress.com/me/
 https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bathen
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U

フランス語から英語へ

 https://www.thehistoryofenglish.com/history_middle.html

言語一般

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laryngeal_theory#*h₂
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/形態素
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytic_language
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/孤立語
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isolating_language
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fusional_language
 https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingua_franca

ルーン文字

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elder_Futhark
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frisian_languages
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rune
 https://www.acondia.com/fonts/index.html
 https://www.sunnyway.com/runes/meanings.html
 https://www.omniglot.com/writing/runic.htm
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hávamál

チョーサー

 https://www.unc.edu/depts/chaucer/zatta/prol.html
 https://www.unc.edu/depts/chaucer/zatta/Zatta_Index.html
 https://www.librarius.com/canttran/gptrfs.htm

カクストン

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Caxton
 https://www.nndb.com/people/573/000024501/
 https://home.vicnet.net.au/~neils/renaissance/caxton.htm

エリザベス1世

 https://www.luminarium.org/renlit/eliza.htm
 https://www.elizabethi.org/us/
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I_of_England

シェイクスピア

 https://shakespeare.palomar.edu/
 https://www.shakespeare.org.uk/content/view/10/10/
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Shakespeare

欽定訳聖書

 https://www.jesus-is-lord.com/kinginde.htm
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_James_Bible

サミュエル・ジョンソン

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_Johnson
 https://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/20.html
 https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/s/samuel_johnson.html
 https://www.bllearning.co.uk/live/text/mean/johnson/

ノア・ウェブスター

 https://noahwebsterhouse.org/biography.html
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noah_Webster
 https://www.greatsite.com/timeline-english-bible-history/noah-webster.html

その他

 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/An_Universal_Etymological_English_Dictionary
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/チュルク語族
 https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/母音調和
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_gender
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_case
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vowel#Height
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syllable#open_syllable
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gemination
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoneme